The firearms and tool mark section of the Society is relatively small, with only 9 examiners as members. The examiners study firearms and tool mark related evidence and conduct serial number restoration, distance determination studies, etc.
Over the years, a significant amount of research has been conducted (both by practitioners and academics) and reported on in various professional journals.
Since the 2009 NAS Report was issued in the United States, a greater emphasis in this field of research has occurred. The use of ballistics imaging equipment in forensic laboratories around the world has resulted in over 100,000 association ‘hits’ that have been of value to law enforcement agencies. Additional research is being conducted in an attempt to statistically quantify results obtained by examiners.